[Fixed] ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'kafka.vendor.six.moves' in Dockerized Django Application – Django

Maya Patel
apache-kafka django python

Quick Fix: Try changing the base image from python:alpine to python:3.11 in your Dockerfile. This resolves known issues with Python 3.12 and missing modules like kafka.vendor.six.moves.

The Problem:

I am having difficulties operating a Dockerized Django application due to a ModuleNotFoundError exception related to kafka.vendor.six.moves. I’ve already attempted updating the Kafka package, inspecting dependencies, and manually installing the six package, but the issue remains. What is the cause of this error, and how can it be resolved?

The Solutions:

Solution 1: Use Python 3.11 Instead of Python 3.12

The error is most likely caused by a compatibility issue between Python 3.12 and the kafka-python package. Specifically, the error occurs when trying to import the ‘six.moves’ module, which is used by kafka-python.

To resolve this issue, try using Python 3.11 instead of Python 3.12 in your Dockerfile. Here’s an updated Dockerfile:

FROM python:3.11


RUN mkdir app
COPY ./app .
RUN mkdir -p volumes

RUN apk update
RUN apk add --no-cache gcc python3-dev musl-dev mariadb-dev

RUN pip3 install --upgrade pip
RUN pip3 install -r requirements.txt

RUN apk del gcc python3-dev musl-dev

CMD python3 manage.py makemigrations --noinput &&\
    while ! python3 manage.py migrate --noinput; do sleep 1; done && \ 
    python3 manage.py collectstatic --noinput &&\
    python3 manage.py createsuperuser --user datahub  --email admin@localhost --noinput;\
    python3 manage.py runserver

Using Python 3.11 should make the ‘six.moves’ module available and allow your Kafka code to run properly inside the Docker container.

Solution 2: External Import

Solution to this error is to create an outer IMPORT. This can be achieved by using the following code:

if sys.version_info >= (3, 12, 0):
    sys.modules['kafka.vendor.six.moves'] = six.moves

This solution works because it creates an external import of the six.moves module. This allows the Kafka package to import the six.moves module, even though it is not installed in the Docker container.

Solution 3: Fix the missing module

The error message indicates that the module `kafka.vendor.six.moves` is missing. This module is part of the kafka-python library, but it seems to be missing in your Docker image. To resolve this issue, you can try the following steps:

  1. Update your Dockerfile:

    • Add the following line to your Dockerfile before installing the kafka-python package:
      RUN pip3 install six
    • This will install the six package, which provides the missing module.
  2. Rebuild your Docker image:

    • Run the following command to rebuild your Docker image:
      docker build -t [image-name] .
    • Replace [image-name] with the name you want to give your Docker image.
  3. Run your application:

    • Once the image is rebuilt, you can run your application using the following command:
      docker run -p 8000:8000 [image-name]
    • Replace [image-name] with the name of your Docker image.

By following these steps, you should be able to resolve the ModuleNotFoundError issue and run your Django application successfully.

Solution 4: Manual Module Mocking

In cases where the issue persists despite various attempts to resolve it, you can manually mock the missing module to workaround the problem. This can be achieved through the following steps:

  1. Create a Python Module:
  • Create an empty Python file, for instance, six_moves_mock.py.
  • Import the types module and define a variable m as an instance of types.ModuleType with the name 'kafka.vendor.six.moves' and a description 'Mock module'.
  • Use setattr(m, 'range', range) to assign the built-in range function to the mocked module’s range attribute.
  • Import the sys module and set sys.modules['kafka.vendor.six.moves'] = m to make the mocked module accessible to the program.
  1. Import the Mocked Module:
  • In your code, import the mocked module using import six_moves_mock as six. This will make the mocked module available as six, which should resolve the issue.
  1. Example Code:
# six_moves_mock.py
import types

m = types.ModuleType('kafka.vendor.six.moves', 'Mock module')
setattr(m, 'range', range)

import sys
sys.modules['kafka.vendor.six.moves'] = m

# In your code
import six_moves_mock as six

# ... Your code here ...
  1. Considerations:
  • Manually mocking modules can be a temporary solution, and it’s recommended to address the underlying cause of the error if possible.
  • This method may not be suitable for all cases, and it’s essential to understand the implications of mocking modules before implementing it.


Which Python version raises this error?

Python 3.12 raises the error ‘No module named ‘kafka.vendor.six.moves”.

What is an alternate way to handle this error?

Create an external IMPORT, like ‘sys.modules[‘kafka.vendor.six.moves’] = six.moves’.

Video Explanation:

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